Introduction

Student travelling is a trend that has been evolving over the last few decades, and this has been due to the economic and social factors that have the potential to affect a student’s travelling priorities and habits. Studenttravelling has been identified as an integral part of a student’s life and this is because, it is a source of exposure, for the student, and it also gives the student experience that is not available in the classroom(Sirakaya & McLellan, 1997). While it is something that is desirable for every student, and by every student, the fact of the matter is that studenttravelling is not as widely practised as it should. The reason for this is the various factors that affect student travelling. These factorsincludetransportation, culture, expenses, age, and location(Sirakaya & McLellan, 1997). In this essay, the main point of interest is a location in relation to student travelling.The main goal of this essay is to highlight and discuss all the ways thatlocation affects student travelling. This essay will, therefore,aim to support the statement that location affects student travelling through surrounding factors such as expenses, language, convenience, utility, and accessibility.

Summary and Synthesis

It is not often the case to find a situation where a student is alwaysable to travel to any place at any time. In fact,moststudents are not able to travel too far away from the place which they live or study in. It is easy to assume that travelling is a generally straightforward affair, where one only needs to identifythe destination that is most suitableand thengather the necessary resources in order to go to that destination. However, for any person who has travelled before, there is much to put into consideration prior to choosing a destination, and more so, prior to going to a selecteddestination. These considerations are so that as a traveller, one might have the freedom to enjoy themselves to the fullest in whatever one had intended to do during the trip. The same applies for a student, as they too must be careful to consider a destination, as well as the means to get to the destination prior to departing the current area of residence.

Such considerations are often based on a person’spreference where a student might choose to go to a place simply because it has a swimmingpool, as opposed to another place, that may have cheaper rates but no pool. Many factors play a role in the decision-making process of a student seeking to travel. The most common factors include the cost incurred in order for one to be able to travelto a specific destination, and also the location that one is going to. In fact, it is usually the case for one to consider the location of the destination prior to making a decision about when to go, and how togo to the selected area. This goes to show just how important a role, location plays in promoting and demoting student travelling.

It is true that students travel for different reasons, some to find a better place to study, and others, as a way to explore, research, or even just for fun.  Arguably, the main reason behind student travelling is in search of education, or in search of knowledge(Sirakaya & McLellan, 1997). Many students often move away fromthe place they have grownup and travel to go and study in a different location with the hope that that location will provide all the knowledge and qualification needed by thestudent. This form of travelling can be either local or international. There are more emphases on international student travelling compared to local student travelling. This is becausethefactors affecting studenttravelling are even more pronounced forinternationalstudents than they are for local students(Sirakaya & McLellan, 1997). In this way,therefore, location affects student travelling through the factor of physical distance from the place of origin.

 

In a statistical report releasedby the International Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it was found that there has been over 70% increase in the number of cases of international students worldwide(GroupsToday, 2015). According to the report, the number has risen from 0.8 million students in the year 1975, up to 3.7 million students in 2010. Additionally, according to UNESCO’s Institute of Statistics, there has been a 12% increase in the number of international students worldwide. The United Statesissaid to attract the most international students where in the year 2009, it had 691,000 international students spread out across the different states(GroupsToday, 2015). The United Kingdom is the second most popular place that internationalstudents go to study. Other countries such as Canada, China, Sweden, and Australia are also major attractions for international students and therefore, good examples or analysing factors affecting student travelling(GroupsToday, 2015).

For a student who is seeking to pursue education, the physical distance between the place of origin and the destination plays a big role. For some, long distances are not an issue and as a result, physical location does not play an important role. For someone who would prefer to stay close to familyor friends, the geographicaldistance can be a big consideration. In this way, location can affect student travelling through the lack of convenience. Convenience plays a big role when it comes to consideration of factors affecting student travel in relation to location(Babin & Kim, 2001). Location can negatively affect student travelling by the location being at a distance that does not sit well with the student. A good example is such asanIranian national who has all his family in Iran, going to the United States to study. This may be a good opportunity for some students, but for others, it can act as a hindrance(Babin & Kim, 2001.

Convenience in relation to location can be used to meandifferent things. For one student, a convenient travelling location could be a place that is physically close to home. For someone else, a convenient location is a place that is affordable, and accessible(Babin & Kim, 2001). In this way, location is a factor affecting student travelling that interweaves with other factors in order to contribute to the same effect. For a student who is travelling to place in search of adventure or fun, the cost of going to that location could be considered an inconvenience, as it may cause a strain in the student’s budget(Ewing, Schroeer, & Greene, 2004). As a result, the cost of a certain location can directlyaffectstudent travelling a good example is an opera concert. A student may want to go to an opera concert in a country such as Italy.However, because the event is an opera, and because its locationin Italy, itispossible that the event is expensive and less affordable for a normal student.the expense of the location leads to a lower rate of students travelling into Italy.

While the cost incurred in the destination is a big factor, another factor is the cost of living in the area. Different places have different costs of living, some which are higher than others. It has already been established the fact that expenses and expenditureare a big considerationwhen it comes to student travelling(Ewing, Schroeer, & Greene, 2004. In relation to location, the cost incurred in residing in a certain location can also act as a hindranceagainst student travelling. In the same way, it can promote it. How? The cost of living in a place can either be high or low for the student. In the case that a studentwishes to go travel in pursuit of education, places who cost of living are often a bad choice. This is because an area that has a high cost of living also meansthat basic amenities such as health care, education, and even housing are also as expensive(Ewing, Schroeer, & Greene, 2004). Conversely, a location such as a city that has a general affordable cost of livingwould be a good choice for a travelling student.

 

Convenience and accessibility go hand in hand when it comes to location. How easilyaccessible an area is can also have an effect on student travelling. For example, it is not ideal for a student to travel to a place that is difficult to access. The lack of accessibility of a place often points to other issues such as the risk of insecurity, the risk of additional expenses, and even inconvenience of reaching the area and getting back(Ewing, Schroeer, & Greene, 2004).

Another major way in which location affectsstudent travelling is due to the aspect of the languagebarrier(Varasteh, Marzuki, & Rasoolimanesh, 2014). As is well understood, different locations provide different blends of culture, language religion, ethnicity, andart. All of these are factors that affect student travelling in that they are the reason for student travelling. For many students who aretravelling, the main goal is to explore and gain experience in order to be marketable in the job market(Varasteh, Marzuki, & Rasoolimanesh, 2014). Differentlocations have different cultures, and ethnicities, and therefore, different languages. The language used in a certain are can work against or for student travel based on the convenience or inconvenience presented by the difference in language. For example, it is unlikely for a student to travel for the purposes of exploration or sightseeing if the people of that do not share a similarlanguage with the student. A good example is such a studentliving in London, going to visit a nation that does not recogniseEnglish.While it is possible for the student to find someone, who can act as a translator, this would mean an extra of something, such as expenses, and this is an inconvenience(Varasteh, Marzuki, & Rasoolimanesh, 2014).

It is often desirable by a student togo to a place where they can be able to move around freely, and interact as they wish. Visiting an area where there is a language barrier can have negative implications on student travelling. Conversely, in the case that the location has people who speak the same language as the student, this would attract many students to that destination and therefore promote student travelling(Varasteh, Marzuki, & Rasoolimanesh, 2014).

In many cases, a location selected by a student is not all about the intended purpose of the visit, but also the experienceduring the visit. In a report by the WYSE TravelConfederation, it was found that young traveller, and especially millennials are keen when it comes to finding places to visit that have the necessary amenities to make their staypleasant and easy(Wong & Wong, 2009). More specifically, the younger generation often prefers destinations with physical travel agencies which are in proximity, as well as the presence of tour guides, and even guards. This is simply a matter of self-preservation where one would reason that it is better to be safe than sorry. As a result, location can affect student travelling through the availability of, or the lack of, various amenities and services such as those mentioned above.

With that in mind, it is also a common factor that affects student travelling where the location has n access to basic social amenitiesand service. Basic social amenities include hospitals, access to a local network, access to the internet, food and water. These are basic amenities as they are essential to the modern-day man in order to conduct his or her daily activities. The same can be said for the younger generation, and more, so a student. In many cases, a student will not visit a location where access to hospitals, or insufficientsecurity as this presents a possible risk to the student’swellbeing(Wong & Wong, 2009).

What is offered in an area also plays abig role when it comes to student travelling. This goes hand in hand with what the student wants or what the student is searching for when he or she goes to a certain destination. Bearing in mind that most of the student travelling is done with the intent to explore, learn, andhave fun, it goes to say that a place that is lacking in areas such as good educational institutions, good access to resources, and that has little or no recreational places, can directly affect student travelling to that location(Kalaee, Rezaeian, Shafabakhsh, & Ahadi, 2009).

Lastly, the political climate of a location also has much to do with students travelling to that location. Thepoliticalclimate of an area is often a clear indicator of the state of security of an area. As such, political climate and student travelling are also related in that a student will not willingly travel to a country that has political unrest as this may endangerhis or her life even in the pursuit of knowledge or adventure. In fact, the issue of political climate is so sensitive, that some countries will ban their citizens from visiting these countries as a way to protect them and ensure security(Kalaee, Rezaeian, Shafabakhsh, & Ahadi, 2009). This means that the political climate of a country or state can either attract student travellers or deter them from going to that location.

Conclusion

Student travelling is a good opportunity for a student to explore an area, learn new things, interreact with new cultures, and ethnicities, and even learn about different religions, and forms of art. It provides the student with valuable lessons and experiences that are not provided in theclassroom. There exist numerous factors that affectstudent travelling, some of which are positive effects and others, negative. Location is one of these factors, and it is a major factor based on the characteristics of that location such as accessibility, convenience, cost of living., education opportunities, and the political climate of the area(Kalaee, Rezaeian, Shafabakhsh, & Ahadi, 2009). This essay, therefore, supports the statement that location affects student travelling through surrounding factors such as expenses, language, convenience, utility, and accessibility.

 

References

Babin, B. J., & Kim, K. (2001). International Students’ Travel Behavior. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing10(1), 93-106. doi:10.1300/j073v10n01_06

Ewing, R., Schroeer, W., & Greene, W. (2004). School Location and Student Travel Analysis of Factors Affecting Mode Choice. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board1895, 55-63. doi:10.3141/1895-08

GroupsToday. (2015). Travel Trends by Age Demographic. Retrieved from https://groupstoday.com/business/404-travel-trends-by-age-demographic

Kalaee, M. S., Rezaeian, M. R., Shafabakhsh, G. A., & Ahadi, N. R. (2009). Evaluating the factors affecting student travel mode choice. , Portland, OR, USA (pp. 16-18). In Proceedings of the 50th Annual Transportation Research Forum, 16-18. Retrieved from https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/207595/2/2009_21_TravelModeChoice_paper.pdf

Sirakaya, E., & McLellan, R. W. (1997). Factors Affecting Vacation Destination Choices of College Students. Anatolia – An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research8(3), 31-44. doi:10.1080/13032917.1997.9687119

Varasteh, H., Marzuki, A., & Rasoolimanesh, S. M. (2014). Factors affecting international students’ travel behaviour. Journal of Vacation Marketing21(2), 131-149. doi:10.1177/1356766714562823

Wong, A., & Wong, C. S. (2009). Factors Affecting Students’ Learning and Satisfaction on Tourism and Hospitality Course-Related Field Trips. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education21(1), 25-35. doi:10.1080/10963758.2009.10696934

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