A normative claim is a statement on how things should be. An example of a normative claim is that you have to study if you want to pass the exams. “Killing a person is wrong.”. The two statements are normative claims because, in the first one, a person has to study to pass exams, and in the second one, nobody is allowed to kill another person (Allain et al., 2018). Normative claims are about the rightness or wrongness of an action. Descriptive claims confirm or affirm what is expected to be the case. An example of a descriptive claim is that low alcohol consumption reduces the risk of getting lung infections. This is a descriptive claim because it affirms the possible risks if a person drinks irresponsibly. Therefore, descriptive claims give significant information about the world, and from that, people can develop beliefs and ideas. At the same time, in a descriptive claim, people state the case or how the world functions.
Additionally, responding to my peers’ initial post, the concept presented was clearly presented. I am presenting another normative claim that the government should not be given the right to take a person’s life as a punishment for committing a crime. This claim affirms that capital punishment is morally wrong (Pittard & Worsnip, 2017). The assertion in this normative claim is that the state has no right or freedom to take a person’s life; therefore, doing so would be immoral. Another example of a moral claim is that a police officer has the obligation of upholding the law. The moral claim affirms that all police officers should not allow anyone to break the law, and if they do, it would be unjust and immoral. In addition, an example of a descriptive claim is that I had a cup of coffee is breakfast this morning (Werhane, 2019. This claim has no value judgment; hence it requires further reasons to conclude.