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Was the American Revolution Justified?

The American Revolution resulted from a series of events. For a long period, there had been serious tension between the British and the colonists, with the latter feeling that the former was extending its subjective powers over them. The colonists felt that they had prospered financially and that they were achieving demographic growth but through the costly fights that Britain engaged in, there was an excessive burden. As a result, there was the need to ease themselves from the burden and create new taxes in their own world. Different historians have argued that it is hard to be sure how Americans would have fared if they decided to stay under British control and delayed their independence to a later date. However, various scholars have argued that America would have been a better place to live if the revolution had never happened, citing three major reasons, it would have been easier to abolish slavery earlier, the American Indians would have been prosecuted but not through perpetration and bloodshed and finally, Americans would have achieved a better system of governance for easy policymaking.

The main reason why the American revolution is considered unjustified is that it was possible for the British rule to abolish slavery than it was done by the Us and with few incidences of bloodshed. Slave was considered illegal in England as early as 1772 several decades before America (Guenther, p. 758). This has been a point used to castigate the American revolution. Furthermore, the main advantage of the revolution was the political powers given to the white males who were considered a minority in America. However, disenfranchisement in the British empire was preferable as women and other minority groups would not be identified for the disenfranchisement. In several instances, the south did not have sufficient representation in the parliament just like other British dependencies. Most of the Southern states were treated as colonies and so the British government could discount their interests (Guenther, p. 759). Therefore, the British empire would not mind abolishing slavery compared to the white elites in independent America. As argued by some scholars, the revolutionists were seeking to protect and continue slavery.

Moreover, slaves felt that their liberation was safer in the hands of British rule than independent America. During the war in 1775, thousands of African slaves lost their lives, and others joined the British side to get freed (Sassi, p.1057). As a result, when the war ended most of the slaves who joined the British army were taken to freedom in other regions such as England and Jamaica. However, this does not entirely mean that the British were primarily intending to free slaves. The decision by the American slaves to join the British side during the war is an indicator that they believed in the British empire for their freedom and independence.

The second reason why the revolution is considered unjustified is that the independence did not favour the Native Americans. Following the proclamation made in 1763, the British imposed firm restrictions on the settlers in the western region of America (Guenther, p. 760). The restrictions were not meant to prevent the Indians from getting subjugated but they prevent conflicts at the boundary. However, the American settlers felt that the British were seeking to side with the Indians against the whites. Contrary to the British rulers, the American colonist did not view the Indians as equal subjects instead they considered them as a serious threat to their dreams of land ownership and wealth for trade. In the same context, Canada did not view the Indian wars as catastrophic as it was witnessed in the United States. They were on record for committing serious crimes. For instance, while under the British, Canada oversaw brutal mistreatments of the aboriginal group through famines that were intentionally caused by the government. Besides, their children were forcefully seized to join the residential schools. However, to them, the westward expansion was not as violent as those carried out by the US government and the white settlers (Trocchio, p. 938). Moreover, prior to the revolution, the British walked into the Indian lands and people would not die in large numbers.

America’s independence enabled them to acquire territory in the West through the war between America and Mexico. Prior to the war, the Comanche were in a serious conflict with Mexico although they were Mexican citizens (Sassi, p.1058). America declined to give them citizenship for quite a long, forcing them to a reservation which ultimately prompted killings. Although the American Indians would have been subjected to oppression like other groups if the American independence was pushed, it would not be possible to witness events of ethnic cleansing. Furthermore, just like it was in the case of America’s slaves, the American Indians were aware of the same. As a result, most of them supported the British rule and others remained neutral. The fact that it was opposed by the most vulnerable, American Indians is suggestive that the cause of American independence was not a good idea.

The third reason why the American revolution is considered unjustified is the belief that it was possible for America to get a good system of governance if they remained under Britain. America would have had a parliamentary democracy as opposed to a presidential system. Parliamentary democracies are considered better than presidential as they rarely translate to dictatorship (Ivor Crewe and Sanders, p.113). In such systems, there are minimal chances of irresolvable conflicts between the arms of government or other forms of gridlock. This has not been the case in the United States where there is a presidential system. For instance, attempts by the activist groups to impose a price on amounts of carbon emitted took a long period to process until it later failed despite huge amounts of money being spent. Conversely, in the United Kingdom, there was the need to introduce a carbon tax to regulate emissions. Within the shortest period, the tax was in place. This implies that parliamentary democracy makes it easier and faster the decision-making process. Moreover, efficiency in parliamentary systems would favour various important social programs meant to improve the lives of people while reducing inequality in the United States.

There was also the likelihood that America would have been a monarchy, a constitutional system of government and one of the best systems of government around the globe (Trocchio, p. 941). If that was the case, the United States would not have a semblance of legitimacy and figurehead presidents are basically politicians. This promotes a lot of shenanigans and controversies in the government. A president whether elected by the people or by parliament would allow changes in the government even without conducting an election compared to monarchs. The government is likely to change without the necessary democratic exercises. All would have been achieved if revolutionists considered the privileges over mere independence.

Conclusion

For the Americans, winning a war through the revolution meant that they acquired independence and sovereignty. The revolutionist fought to set a government that would be self-governing and would make their lives better by emulating other independent countries. The colonists’ new dreams and visions were also driven by other factors such as the need for autonomous thinking rather than group thinking. A good number of the desires of the revolutionists were achieved. However, various reasons make the American revolution an unjustified move. The revolution is seen as one that prolonged slavery despite the fact freedom was one of the revolutionists. The Americans defended slavery and took too long to support antislavery acts contrary to the British empire. The revolution also caused more frustrations for the Indian Americans went through. The revolutions were associated with a lot of blood shade and violation of human rights with the majority of the casualties being Native Americans. Finally, due to the American Revolution, Americans landed in a presidential system of governance. The system of government has been associated with slow and poor decision-making process conflicts between the various arms of the government and more presidential powers. This has been seen to favour elements of dictatorship and sabotage service delivery. Therefore, the general conclusion of this paper is that the American revolution was not justified.

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