How to Write a Discussion Section – Complete Guide

how to write discussion section

Composing a paper is overwhelming, and at times the most troublesome and interesting part of composing is the discussion area. It is the last piece of your paper, wherein you sum up your discoveries considering the current writing. It would help if you likewise focused on how your work will push the field ahead and what questions remain.

The discussion section is where you dig into the significance and importance of your outcomes. It should zero in on clarifying and assessing what you discovered, showing how it identifies with your writing audit and research questions, and making a contention on the side of your general decision.

Purpose of a Discussion Segment

The reason for the discussion is to decipher and portray the meaning of your discoveries considering what was at that point, though, about the exploration issue being researched and to clarify any new agreement or new experiences about the issue after you’ve mulled over the discoveries. The discussion will consistently interface with the presentation via the exploration questions or theories you presented and the writing you checked on; however, it doesn’t just rehash or revamp the introduction; the discussion ought to consistently clarify how your research has moved the reader’s comprehension of the exploration issue forward from where you left them toward the finish of the presentation.

Composing a discussion segment is to decipher and assess the outcomes and examine how they help address the research question or prove the hypothesis. Besides, you need to legitimize your approach and disclose how it identifies with the writing audit. When making a contention, you should zero in on clarifying what the discoveries mean, why they matter, what they can’t advise us, and what approaches you suggest for additional investigations and practice.

Remember that a discussion section is constantly associated with the acquaintance since it relates to the exploration question or theory you defined and the writing you assessed. In any case, you can’t simply rehash what you have said in the principal section of the paper.

Objectives of a Discussion Section

The aim of your conversation segment ought to incorporate the accompanying:

Repeat the Research Problem/State the Major Findings

Momentarily repeat for your readers the research issue or issues you are researching and the techniques you used to explore them; at that point, move rapidly to depict the significant discoveries of the investigation. You ought to compose an immediate, decisive, and brief declaration of the investigation results.

Clarify the Meaning of the Findings and Why they are Important

Nobody has thought as long and hard about your investigation as you have. Methodically clarify the significance of the discoveries and why you accept they are significant. After perusing the discussion area, you need the reader to consider the outcomes. You would prefer not to constrain the reader to go through the paper on numerous occasions to sort out what everything implies. Start this piece of the part by rehashing what you consider to be your most significant discovery first.

Relate the Findings to Similar Studies

No examination is so novel or has such a limited centre that it has positively no connection to other recently distributed exploration. The conversation segment ought to relate your examination discoveries to different investigations, especially if questions raised by past examinations filled in as the inspiration for your investigation. The discoveries of different investigations support your discoveries, which fortify the significance of your investigation results. Additionally, they bring up how your investigation contrasts from other comparable examinations.

Think about Alternative Explanations of the Findings

Recall that the reason for research is to find and not to demonstrate. When composing the conversation segment, you ought to painstakingly consider all potential clarifications for the examination results instead of simply those that fit your earlier presumptions or inclinations.

Recognize the Study’s Limitations

It is far superior for you to distinguish and recognize your examination’s impediments than to have them brought up by your teacher! Portray the generalizability of your outcomes to different circumstances, if appropriate to the technique picked, depict in detail issues you experienced in the methods you used to assemble data. Note any unanswered inquiries or issues your investigation didn’t address.

Make Suggestions for Further Research

Even though your examination may offer significant bits of knowledge about the exploration issue, different questions identified with the issue probably stay unanswered. Additionally, some unanswered inquiries may have become more engaged as a result of your examination. It would help if you made ideas for additional exploration in the conversation segment.

How to Conduct a Discussion Section

How to Conduct a Discussion Section

  • Sum up your key discoveries

Start this section by emphasizing your research issue and succinctly summing up your significant discoveries. Don’t simply rehash all the information you have effectively revealed – focus on an unmistakable explanation of the general outcome that straightforwardly addresses your principal research question. This ought to be close to one section.


The outcomes show that…

The investigation shows a connection between’s…

  • Give your translations

The significance of the outcomes may appear glaringly evident to you; however, it’s imperative to illuminate their importance for the reader and show precisely how they answer your exam questions.

The type of your translations will rely upon the sort of examination; however, some commonplace ways to deal with deciphering the information include:

Recognizing connections, examples, and correlation among the information

Talking about whether the outcomes lived up to your desires or upheld your speculations

Contextualizing your discoveries inside past examination and hypothesis

Clarifying sudden outcomes and assessing their importance

Thinking about conceivable elective clarifications and arguing for your position

You can arrange your conversation around key topics, theories, or examination questions, following similar construction as your outcomes segment. You can likewise start by featuring the most huge or unforeseen outcomes.


Per the speculation…

As opposed to the hypothesized association …

The outcomes repudiate the cases of Smith (2007) that…

  • Talk about the implication

Just as giving your own translations, make a point to relate your outcomes to the insightful work that you overviewed in the literature review. The conversation should show how your discoveries fit with existing information, what new bits of knowledge they contribute, and what outcomes they have for hypothesis or practice. Ask yourself these inquiries:

Do your outcomes concur with past research? Provided that this is true, what do they add to it?

Are your discoveries altogether different from different investigations? Assuming this is the case, for what reason may this be?

Do the outcomes support or challenge existing theories?

Are there any viable implications?

Your general point is to show the reader precisely what your examination has contributed and why they should mind.


These outcomes expand on existing proof of…

The outcomes don’t fit with the hypothesis that…

The investigation gives new knowledge into the connection between…

These outcomes ought to be considered while thinking about how to…

The information contributes a more clear comprehension of…

While past research has zeroed in on X, these outcomes exhibit that Y.

  • Recognize the limits

Indeed, even the best exploration has a few limits, and recognizing these is imperative to exhibit your believability. Restrictions aren’t tied in with posting your blunders, however about giving an exact image of what can and can’t be finished up from your investigation.

Constraints may be because of your general exploration plan, explicit methodological decisions, or unexpected impediments that arose during the examination cycle. It would help if you referred to restrictions that are straightforwardly pertinent to your exploration destinations and assess how much effect they had on accomplishing the research points.

For instance, if your sample size was little or restricted to a particular gathering of individuals, note that this restricts its generalizability. If you experienced issues when assembling or dissecting information, clarify what these meant for the outcomes. If there are potential perplexing factors that you couldn’t handle, recognize the impact these may have had.

After taking note of the restrictions, you can emphasize why the outcomes are in any case substantial to respond to your research questions.


The generalizability of the outcomes is restricted by…

The dependability of this information is affected by…

Because of the absence of information on X, the outcomes can’t affirm…

The methodological decisions were compelled by…

It is past the extent of this investigation to…

  • Express your suggestions

In light of your outcomes’ conversation, you can make proposals for viable execution or further exploration. Once in a while, the suggestions are put aside for the end.

Ideas for additional exploration can lead straightforwardly from the restrictions. Don’t simply express that more investigations ought to be done – give solid thoughts for how future work can expand on territories that your own research couldn’t address.

Further examination is expected to build up…

Future examinations should consider…

What to Avoid in a Discussion

There are a couple of regular mix-ups to stay away from when composing the conversation segment of your exposition.

  1. Try not to present new outcomes – you should talk about the information you have effectively announced in the outcomes part.
  2. Avoid making inflated cases – maintain a strategic distance from over interpretation and theory that isn’t upheld by your information.
  3. Try not to sabotage your exploration – the conversation of limits should reinforce your believability, not underline weaknesses.

Components of a Discussion Area

Here are the components of a discussion section.

components of discussion

  • Synopsis of the Key Findings

This part should be begun by rehashing the exploration issue and summing up your discoveries momentarily. Your errand here isn’t to rehash the information that was referenced at that point; however, state clear outcomes that respond to the principal research question of your work. Recall this part shouldn’t be longer than only one paragraph.

Utilize the models beneath:

The information demonstrates to us that…

They got results to affirm…

The examination shows that…

The investigation shows…

Conversation of the Findings and Interpretations

Obviously, the received results might be self-evident and justifiable to you; however, your principal task in the outcomes segment is to disclose their significance to your readers and notice how these outcomes help address the exploration question.

Contingent upon the sort of your examination, the type of understandings can be extraordinary; however, here are a few methodologies you can use to decipher your information:

Characterize examples, connections, and relationships in the received data.

Break down if the received information meets the examination assumptions and supports your theories

Show how your discoveries are associated with past research regarding this matter.

Clarify any surprising information and assess their significance for your exploration

Consider elective clarifications and argue for your own position.

It’s feasible to make a conversation around hypotheses, research questions, and key topics. You can utilize a similar design as the outcomes segment. It’s additionally conceivable to begin by featuring the most significant or sudden information you have gotten.

  • Constraints of the Study

Any examination has its impediments. It would help if you recognized them to exhibit the believability of your work. Recollect that impediments are not showing your errors; however, they give a reasonable image of what your examination can and can’t do.

Restrictions may show up because of your exploration procedure, plan, or different hindrances during the cycle of examination. Your fundamental objective here is to state restrictions applicable to your exploration and characterize an effect they had on arriving at your research’s objectives.

For instance, if you encountered a few issues when assembling or breaking down your information, you need to portray them and notice their impact on your exploration results.

When you’ve referenced your restrictions, you need to clarify why collected information is as yet legitimate and responds to your examination question totally.

Utilize these examples:

Because of the restricted generalizability, the outcomes can’t affirm…

The information dependability is affected by…

The decision of the exploration system was restricted by…

The exploration results were restricted…

  • Principal Implications for Practice

In your work, you need to give your translations and relate your got information to the past research you have referenced in the writing survey area. Your conversation should reflect how your outcomes fit with existing information, what new things they bring, and what they mean for the current hypothesis. We as a writing experts suggest asking the following questions:

Do the outcomes fit past research? What would they be able to add to this exploration?

Are the received results unique from other explorations? If indeed, what’s the justification for it?

Do the received information challenge or affirm the hypothesis?

Does your investigation have any ramifications for training?

Your primary objective is to disclose to your readers what your work contributed and why it is significant.