Economics Essay Topics You Can Explore In Your Research

Economics Essay Topics

The study of economics is a subject that has been studied for centuries because it deals with the allocation of scarce resources. From ancient times to the modern-day, economists have tried to understand how societies allocate goods and services.

Economics essays are usually found in universities across America as well as in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and many other countries around the world. These essays can be difficult because they often require students to research on their own before writing about specific topics in detail.

Tips for Choosing Interesting Economics Topics

Choosing an economics topic can be challenging. There are many different topics to choose from, and it is hard to know where to start.

When selecting a topic, you should ensure that you have enough resources available for your research to go smoothly. If not, then the research will take much longer than expected, or it might never get done at all.

Here are some tips for finding interesting economics topics:

Make sure you’re choosing a topic that is interesting to you. If it isn’t, the writing process will be difficult and unenjoyable. You don’t want your paper to sound like someone else wrote it for you.

Ask yourself: “Am I interested in this? Why?” This may lead to further research. For example, maybe something about China or India related to the topic of interest might add depth and color.

Or perhaps an analogy can help explain certain concepts more clearly (e.g., compare/contrast dynamics from biology with those from economics).

When possible, consider whether sources outside of economics can explain why people behave as they do when faced with economic decisions.

Be sure you have enough time to research your paper. Also, take time to understand the structure of an essay.

If it’s due at midnight, make sure you’re not rushing through to meet a deadline. Quality should always take precedence over speed.

List of Economics Essay Topics

What are some excellent economics essay topics? As you may know, economics is the study of how societies use resources to produce goods and services.

Several different areas in this field can be applied to an essay topic. Below are five ideas for essays that could be written about any aspect of economics:

  1. What is your opinion on globalization?
  2. Why do people buy Nike shoes instead of other brands?
  3. Do you think the minimum wage should be increased?
  4. How does the Federal Reserve affect the economy in both good and bad ways?
  5. Should companies pay their workers more or less than they currently do?

World Economics Essay Questions

Economists have long recognized the need to explain the performance of some regions and countries more satisfactorily than others. In recent decades, economists have been increasingly drawn to topics like enterprise, growth, and development, which explain differential economic outcomes across space.

In this regard, below are world-class questions in economics that students should answer

  1. Why do some countries grow faster than others? Or why is there a difference in income among countries?
  2. What causes what we observe within a country? Or how does a country’s structure affect its level of income?
  3. What causes changes over time in a particular economy? Or what causes economic growth?
  4. .Are countries justified in imposing trade barriers against each other to protect their infant industries?
  5. To what extent are technological progress and economic growth dependent on capital accumulation?
  6. Do economic sanctions generally succeed in their aim of forcing a nation to give up its objectionable policies or practices?
  7. Is the world likelier to be in a state of lasting peace if countries must rely on negotiations rather than a war for territorial disputes?
  8. Does third-world debt serve as a valuable source of capital for the first world?
  9. Is international trade fair to both rich and developing countries?
  10. What is the best way to promote economic growth in a developing nation?
  11. To what extent can trade liberalization and free markets promote peace and democracy?
  12. Are the adverse effects of international capital flows more than compensated for by the positive impact of increased foreign investment?
  13. To what extent can aid from developed countries help to reduce poverty in the third world?


Macroeconomics is the section of economics that deals with the economy. In other words, Macroeconomics is the branch of economics that studies the economic aggregates such as GDP, national income and product accounts, and their interrelationships.

Macroeconomics essay topics may include general principles, financial behavior, unemployment, and inflation. As a student, you should use this knowledge to choose your topic or write an interesting paper today.

Some common macroeconomic topics are:

  • Unemployment

Unemployment is one of the most common macroeconomic topics. It is defined as the percentage of civilians who are not employed but are actively seeking employment. Unemployment can be broken down into two sub-categories:

Cyclical unemployment – When there is a decrease in the total civilian labor force.

Frictional unemployment – occurs when there is a shift in employment away from the labor market.

  • Inflation

Inflation refers to an increase in the prices of goods and services. This increase in prices is either caused by the rise in the money supply or a decrease in aggregate demand. The inflation rate can be measured using the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The CPI measures the change in the price of a basket of goods.

  • GDP Growth

GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product. GDP growth is the percentage increase in a country’s GDP from one period to another. Investors need to be aware of the GDP growth in a country as an increase in GDP signals an increase in economic activity.

  • Positive/Normative economics

Positive economics is studying what is, while normative economics is concerned with what ought to be. Hence, the positive economic analysis describes how the economy is, while normative financial analysis deals with how the economy should be.

  • Demand-pull inflation

Demand-pull inflation occurs when aggregate demand increases and pushes prices higher. It is usually caused by an acceleration of aggregate demand as the economy starts to expand.

  • Stagflation

Stagflation is a phenomenon whereby an economy experiences low economic growth and high inflation rates. This occurs when aggregate demand decreases and reduces economic growth during a period of recession. As inflation is caused mainly by increases in the money supply, stagflation occurs when prices increase even though there is a decrease in the money supply (output).

  • Supply-side inflation

Supply-side inflation occurs when there is an increase in the costs of production. This happens when workers demand higher wages or an increase in the price of raw materials, like oil.

  • Rational expectations

Rational expectations are where economic agents behave to make the best use of their information. This suggests that economic agents will look for all available information to try and find the correct expectations.

  • Money illusion

The money illusion is when people fail to distinguish between actual and nominal values. This occurs when people do not consider the purchasing power of money when making a decision; instead, they assume that changes in nominal values reflect actual or absolute values.

  • The quantity theory of money

The quantity theory of money is where MV=PY, where M represents the money supply, V is the velocity of circulation, P is the price level, and Y is the real output. In this equation, if there is an increase in the money supply but no actual production increase, there will be inflation. Increasing the money supply does not increase the price level in isolation. If Y does not change, M must have increased, and P will reflect that.


Microeconomics is a field of economics that studies the behavior of individuals, households, and firms in making decisions on how to allocate limited resources.

It can help us understand how people behave when faced with different economic scenarios. Microeconomics is an integral part of many other fields such as finance, business, and marketing.

One of the essential concepts in microeconomics is supply and demand. This concept helps us understand how prices are determined in a market. It can also help us predict price changes based on changes in supply or demand. For example, if there is an increase in the demand for a product, the price of that product is likely to increase.

Also, the study of microeconomics can help us understand how people behave when faced with different economic scenarios. For example, if there is an increase in unemployment rates, consumers may expect to decrease their spending on luxury items and save more money to ensure they have enough for future costs such as medical bills or education expenses.

Lastly, microeconomics can help us understand how businesses make decisions regarding pricing, production, and investment. For example, a company may decide to increase the price of their product if they feel that they can still make a profit after the change. Additionally, a business might choose to produce a new product if they believe that there is a market for it and that they can profit from it.

Microeconomics essay topics can include any of the following:

  1. The existence and nature of the market failure
  2. The potential for monopolistic competition in an industry
  3. Government intervention into fair price exchanges
  4. The role of advertising in a market economy
  5. How externalities can influence the economic decisions made by consumers and producers
  6. How public goods affect the market
  7. How taxes and subsidies affect the market
  8. The optimal level of output for firms in an industry
  9. Factors that lead to different market prices for a particular good or service
  10. The trade-off between equality and efficiency in a market economy
  11. How prices for goods and services are determined in the market

Healthcare Economics Essay Topics

Healthcare economics is a topic that many people are interested in, and it’s also one that generates much debate. There can be many different approaches to healthcare economics, depending on what the person’s interests are.

One example would be looking at how market forces affect health care prices. Another could involve government intervention.

Healthcare Economics: An Overview

One of the most critical aspects of healthcare economics is understanding how health care is funded. There are a few different ways this can happen, but the three most common methods are government funding, private insurance, and out-of-pocket payments. Each of these has its advantages and disadvantages.

For example, government funding can lead to the overuse of services since it’s essentially free for people to use, while private insurance can be expensive and often doesn’t cover all costs. Out-of-pocket payments are usually the cheapest option, but they burden patients to pay for their care.

Market Forces in Healthcare

Another common topic in healthcare economics is how market forces affect healthcare prices. This can be a complex issue since the healthcare market is different from most other markets.

For one thing, there are many kinds of services and products that make up the market, so it’s not always easy to compare prices. In addition, people often don’t have many choices when choosing a healthcare provider. This means that providers can charge more without losing patients.

To end with, providers get paid for services that are usually confidential, making it difficult to know how much they’re making.

Government Intervention in Healthcare

A third popular topic in healthcare economics is government intervention. This can take many different forms, such as regulating prices or providing healthcare programs funding. One of the most controversial aspects of government intervention is deciding how much control the government should have over the health care system.

There are pros and cons to both sides of this argument, and it’s a topic that is sure to generate debate for many years to come.

New Research Ideas in Healthcare Economics

Finally, here are some ideas for new research in healthcare economics. These are just suggestions, so feel free to come up with your topics too.

  • How does market competition affect prices in the healthcare industry?
  • What are the effects of government regulation on healthcare costs?
  • Do patients make rational choices when it comes to choosing a health care provider?
  • What factors influence people’s decisions about whether or not to purchase health insurance?
  • How does healthcare spending affect a country’s economic growth and development?
  • What is the relationship between education levels and health care costs?
  • Is there an association between income level and quality of life when accessing healthcare services in developing countries?
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