Urban sociology facilitates the study of the urbanization process in relation to the global transformation so as to enable urban planners and clusters to design the urban cities (Burgess & Bogue, 2013). The process entails a comprehensive research on all the components of the city ranging from the population composition to the capacity space of the city so as to plan adequately. Urban sociology research further addresses the social networks of the residents, the minority and ethnic groups, the location of the various enterprise and industries and the general integration of the urban city (Burgess & Bogue, 2013). The main aim of urban sociology, therefore, is to address the issues of urbanization in the cities and the problems associated with them.
London City in England is another example of a city with a large urban population (Knox & Taylor, 2015). In studying urban sociology, London City composition is very useful due to its high growth rate and large features. Many themes that urban sociology deals with are evident in this city. Firstly, the genesis of the city is outstanding due to its progressive and steady growth hence through urban sociology, we can exemplify the facts relating to its development. The demographic composition is another interesting subject of study since it’s a theme of urban sociology studies. London city infrastructure in another subject of interest, hence it plays a pivot role in get urban sociology facts. Apparently, with the many social issues like Crime, pollution and congestions affecting the large population of London city, urban sociology may help in providing amicable solutions to counter these issues. Equally, London city is among the most developed cities in the world with a high economic growth rate therefore through urban sociology we can compare the factors behind its fast growth to other cities like New York, Lagos and many more.
The history of London City dates back to the period of Roman invasions in 43 AD with a population of almost 50,000 people. The city is located in the southeastern part in England. Due to the economic developments and the industrial revolution, London City has ever been a growing city in the world. It covers an average area of 1570 square kilometer housing more than 8 million people from multiple races. There are also more than 300 language speaking groups in the city who not only are from the dominant ethnic groups of England but rather from other parts of the world like Poland, France, Spain, India, and Arabic countries.
Urbanization has spurred the growth and transformation of the City of London for many decades. Tracing back to the old days when it was destroyed in 1666 during the Great Fire and the second world war, London city face has changed through the reconstruction process. To date, the city has greatly developed with many infrastructures build on it. The city facilitates trade between the eastern and western hemisphere due to its geographic location. Furthermore, it has been a great city of economic activities. Apparently, London city has an outstanding transport infrastructure, banking facilities, tourism sites, monuments, better healthcare facilities, and many others.
Like other fast developing cities in the world, London city is faced with very similar problems of urbanization. The high population in the city has both positive and negative impacts. Remarkably many families relocate to the city to get the many benefits of economic development like jobs. Firstly, the high population in the city results to the housing crisis. The housing facilities available cannot accommodate all the people living and working in London city hence the house cost is very high. Furthermore, the increase in population has led to an increase in social issues like crime, immorality, congestion in the city and many other issues.
Unlike other cities in other parts of the world like America, London City has grown progressively from the second world war period. It has managed to accommodate a large population and by 2030 the city will host more than 10 million people. Its economic growth pattern is also growing high. The industries located within the city have attributed to these growths. Major industries in London city include the footwear industry, the clothing industry, and the furniture industry. Its location near the port of London further makes it accessible for economic activities with neighboring nations and cities. It also houses entertainment and art centers which attracts tourists from all over the world. For instance, the Big Ben site, the London Eye and the Tower of London attract many tourisms thus increasing revenue generation returns.
The standard infrastructure has improved the quality of life of the people of London city. The industrialized society has increased economic activities thus providing many job opportunities to the large population. Furthermore, people have access to the quality social services like quality healthcare, good transportation services, quality education in learning institutions, adequate and enjoyable leisure facilities, adequate security and access to clean water and environment. Consequently, the cost of living is high since people incur more money in accessing the services. Therefore, the people of London have access to quality life with high standards.
London city has a very diverse population composition which exerts the need to create an accommodating environment to attract more investors. There are many changes that are therefore initiated to attain these goals. Creating a green environment that is pollutant-free is one of the priorities in changing the image of London city. The England government regulate industries in London city so that to avoid air, noise and water pollutions from industries to safeguard the health of the people. Hence, the focus on improving these issues will subsequently better the state of the London City. Furthermore, environmental conservation will create a better aesthetic environment.
The deindustrialization process in London city has many negative impacts ranging from high unemployment rates to decline in the economic status (Pahl, 2013). The process spontaneously affects the lives of the inhabitants and the general population of the England nation. Politically, deindustrialization leads to marginalization from the municipality government, the regional government, and the national government (Iversen & Cusack, 2000). To manage these issues, various policies are conceptualized to spearhead the economic growth of London City. Some of the policy management policies include Waste management policies, sustainable development policies, biodiversity policies, and energy management policies. All these strategic policies facilitate the further growth of London city. With the success of these policies, the economic development of London city will continue to thrive in the next decades.
Through these urban sociology research, it is evident that some of the fast-growing cities experience both positive and negative challenges. Apparently, the developed cities have developed infrastructure which in turn enhance economic development. With the economic stewardship, other social issues directly arise. Therefore, through urban sociology, these issues affecting London city can be analyzed so that a viable solution can be put forward to curb the issues. When the solutions are attained, social issues like crimes, robbery, congestions and poor services can be minimized.
Burgess, E. W., & Bogue, D. J. (Eds.). (2013). Urban sociology. Univ of Chicago Pr.
Iversen, T., & Cusack, T. R. (2000). The causes of welfare state expansion: deindustrialization or globalization? World politics, 52(3), 313-349.
Knox, P. L., & Taylor, P. J. (Eds.). (2015). World cities in a world-system. Cambridge University Press.
Pahl, R. E. (Ed.). (2013). Readings in Urban Sociology: Readings in Sociology. Elsevier.
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