Biometric Access Control System

Abstract

Safety has been playing a key part in many of our places like offices, institutions, libraries, laboratories etc. In order to save our data privately so that no other illegal person could have an admission on them. Nowadays, at every point of time, we need security systems for security of appreciated data and even money. In this report we will introduce a finger print lock system which we can use in banks, many.

There are many like RFID security system, color coding security, lock and key security system. We will provide a best security system by taking help of Biometric and Embedded system. We know that the fingerprint the can’t match of different people. So it will be the best security system. We will save the fingerprint of some people and then we create the project. The purpose of the project is that when the finger print match the door will be open and other than the buzzer will be horn.

At the present time, security device has evolve addicted to the protection apparatus that implanted and use a micro-controller in common language we say that electronic security devices. with the microcontroller which is generally named electronic security device. There is numerous verification method for the electronic security devices such as some are biometric and some are password based, some are simple security devices we can use all these devices as our protection. In all these devices some are cheapest and some are expensive. This is an Embedded base security device which by means of Finger print sensor as a security system.

Chapter 1

1. Introduction

Security of treasures is as vital as their achievement. Treasures extending from human lives to luxurious resources and penetrating data essential to be tightly protected. In these day when armed stealing has gotten more cultured predominantly in developing countries, there is the essential of most secured security systems means, and one of the greatest protected technologies that can be employed is biometrics, finger print door lock to be accurate. Biometrics is the knowledge and technology of determining and investigating biological data, biometrics methods and investigates human body features such as fingerprint, DNA, fingerprint, eye iris, facial pattern, voice pattern and hand measure men.

The Biometric Access Control System of security using the finger print equipment was constructed around a microcontroller, Arduino Uno, which detect in finger prints from finger print sensor and access, to a sheltered room, only to pre-registered finger print(s). The fingers print Sensor functions as the focal input for this security system. Finger prints detect and compared to which is already programmed into the celebration of the Finger Print module. When a match is completed, the microcontroller outputs make the servo to opened the Door and the door will remain open few minutes become closes after the few minutes’ A 16×2 LCD is used in this project to show the status of this implanted security system. By default, it displays a welcome message entreating that the user should enter a finger print. And when a match is prepared it displays a conforming message. The steps that make up the project of the progress of a finger print control using standard door finger print sensor are explicated completely in the fourth chapter of this project report.

At the present time, security device has evolve addicted to the protection apparatus that implanted and use a micro-controller in common language we say that electronic security devices. with the microcontroller which is generally named electronic security device. There is numerous verification method for the electronic security devices such as some are biometric and some are password based, some are simple security devices we can use all these devices as our protection. In all these devices some are cheapest and some are expensive. This is an Embedded base security device which by means of Finger print sensor as a security system.

The rind on our tributes and fingers shows a flow like designs of edges and valleys. The papillary elevations in the finger, called friction ridges, which relief the hand to hold items and increase roughness and increase the tangible detecting of the surface construction. These ridge patterns are now methodically proved as single for each person. The scratches and injuries in a person’s finger may alter these designs provisionally but they resurface after the wound rectifies. Fingerprints are now used extensively for documentation and authentication purpose. They are used for appearance purpose in administrations to avoid deputation for criminal ID like extremist, murderer and violators and also in passports (a material of national high position) of person.

This system emphasis on the usage of fingerprints for door system. The fingerprint appreciation software allows fingerprints of legal users of the automobile to be registered in a record. Before slightly operator can usage the automobile, his fingerprint duplicate is matched beside the fingerprints in the record while operators with no match in the database are disallowed from using the vehicle. A microcontroller stores the data equal of fingerprint of user. Assessment between this registered fingerprint and fingerprint of person which is about to use the vehicle is done by the micro- controller. If both the fingerprints are equal control motherboard of the controller sends fitting signals to the servo motor which open the door when finger print is match. If the fingerprints are not equal controller direct signals to alarm motherboard to inform about an illegal usage.

Human ID field is very important and has experienced rapid variations with time. A significant and very dependable human ID method is fingerprint ID. Fingerprint of each person is matchless. So this relief in recognizing a person or in educating safety of a scheme. Finger print of an individual is detecting by a singular type of device. Finger print sensor would be interfaced with an Arduino. Using keypad, we can increase user and remove the current user, also recognize the operator by choosing conforming option through keypad. In our system we use a fingerprint module to detect one’s individuality to automatically function the door of an office, house, or a car.

For this, we use a controller to allow the door closing or opening or if the identical between skimmed data and the already current data is correct. Judgement is done confidential the finger print module himself and its result t is given to controller. Outcome is displayed in a LCD show whether the operator is official or not. Liquid Crystal Display also reliefs to make troubleshooting cooler. Alarming option is providing to inform about an illegal usage. Controller used is Arduino Uno R3.

2. Background

 At the present time, the public safekeeping in our countryside is not subsequently superlative and the misdemeanor tempo seems not to be condensed these ancient times years. Our existence is complete of terrorization in each miniature beginning at the moment, no subject where we are more than ever in the municipality. The catastrophe may come about for the duration of our way to employment, travelling or smooth at our saccharine residence which is by and large distinct as the safest position for us. The stealing and breaking and entering suitcases seemed unrestrained today, it even occurred under the CCTV examination. Smooth nevertheless the police force has put an assortment of hard work on this, but at a languish, it requirements our have ownership of challenge to guarantee the safekeeping for our residence. Outstanding to this, the protection has been transformed into a fundamental difficulty for us on a daily starting point existence. Each person is going away to utilize no issue what revenue that can guarantee them the protection of their property.

The combination lock is well thought-out as the most important take into service of protection to put off others to admittance individual stuffs or encroach into our confidential neighborhood. It is solitary of the original safe keeping methods over the centuries. The lock is an essential part for protection arrangement and unmoving second-hand in the sanctuary organization in the present day through other additional right of entry procedure, likes secret word, symbol or biometric authentication

By the way of the fast on the enhance of the machinery the security device has expanded from only uncontaminated emotionless kind interested in electrical and electronic style. By the combination of electrical and electronic devices we will build a lock with fingerprint. Generally, in common language we say that these are the electronic security devices also we can say that smart security devices. There are many security devices available in the market. like button progression, RFID, protection indication etc. But all these have advantages and disadvantages. some security devices are cheap and some are expansive. So due to this reason people change these devices according to their requirement. Also we will build a fingerprint based security system. By telling the fault in past security devices. These devices are given below with briefly explanation. we discuss their advantages and their disadvantages. Also we will represent their work and their diagrams.

3. Problem Definition

At the present time, security device has evolve addicted to the protection apparatus that implanted and use a micro-controller in common language we say that electronic security devices. with the microcontroller which is generally named electronic security device. There is numerous verification method for the electronic security devices such as some are biometric and some are password based, some are simple security devices we can use all these devices as our protection. In all these devices some are cheapest and some are expensive. This is an Embedded base security device which by means of Finger print sensor as a security system.

4. Purpose

The best objective of this mission is build up a protection structure that utilize the finger print security progression. If finger print is matching the door will be open. If it should not be matching it will door will not be open. And the second one is that if the finger is not matching, it can show on the LCD screen. Also Buzzer will be horn.

5. Project Scope

Successful sequence is to accomplish the subjective of report. There are more than a few possibilities had been position. First of all, the sanctuary security device is intended to bring into play for door locking arrangement by means of Board of Arduino Uno as the regulator. This is best security system. It cannot be Hacked like Other system.

6. Aims and objectives

The main aim of this project is to design Biometric Access Control system using Finger print sensor and Arduino Uno.

Project Objectives

  1. Design and build Biometric security system
  2. Provide system information on LCD
  3. Insert the ability to delete and add users (Finger prints)
  4. Unlock the door by operating the servo motor, only if valid figure print found

         Test the system and draw conclusion

7. System overview

That concept comprises all the chapters. In the vary initial chapter we will discuss the introduction of project, in introduction we have a back ground and objective of the project. Chapter 2 is on the bases of LITERATURE REVIEW, In L.R we can discuss an introduction, verification method, in verification method we discuss the security by password type, lock and key security system, system by RFID card. Chapter 3 we have tools and techniques in Tool, techniques we can discuss introduction, Hardware, in Hardware we will discuss microcontroller parts, types of Arduino Uno, Arduino, finger Print scanner. In Chapter 4 we have a Methodology, in Methodology we can introduce method of the project, interface with finger print sensor, servomotor, inter face with finger print module software and lock in this chapter e will present these things.

8. Summary of Report

The Flow diagram given below give details about the complete step of our project from starting to end. This also tell us about different step about our project till to end. The most and main work is to choose the project. After choosing the topic the first thing is to get more knowledge about the this project. For this researched about this project is essential. After selecting the topic the next work is to awareness about this project and it is necessary to get knowledge about the project implementation. After leaning the method of designing the project the next step is start working on the project. Working includes the software installing and performing some basic command of that project.

Figure 1.1       Flow diagram of working Process

9. Methodology in Brief

The Biometric Access Control system to be intended in this project will be based on a microcontroller Arduino Uno R3 and programmed in Arduino IDE. Also, the design would be based on the source of interfacing Biometric Finger Print Sensor, servos, LCD, Buttons and LEDS. The task will be achieved using Arduino Uno. The Finger print sensor would be used to scan the Finger of a person. The work of the Work of a servo is to close or open the door according to command given by the controller. The LCD would be used to Display the status of the System.

10. Thesis Organization

That concept comprises all the chapters.

In the vary initial chapter 1 we will discuss the introduction of project, in introduction we have a back ground and objective of the project.

Chapter 2 is on the bases of LITERATURE REVIEW, In L.R we can discuss an introduction, verification method, in verification method we discuss the security by password type, lock and key security system, system by RFID card.

Chapter 3 we have tools and techniques in Tool, techniques we can discuss introduction, Hardware, in Hardware we will discuss microcontroller parts, types of Arduino Uno, Arduino, finger Print scanner.

In Chapter 4 we have a Methodology, in Methodology we can introduce method of the project, interface with finger print sensor, servomotor, inter face with finger print module software and lock in this chapter e will present these things.

Chapter 5 – this section provides the comprehensive findings of the program conducted in this project followed by comprehensive discussions.

Chapter 6 – this chapter presents the conclusion of this project.

Chapter 2

1. Literature review

The security system was the requirement from earliest. We are not save without any security system This will be our life security also this will be our assists security, also this will our banks and our organization. So the security system is the main part of our life. Without security system life become difficult. So it is essential for us to build a system that we will easily spend our life. From earliest to till today people try to solve this problem. Many present their ideas about this solution.

There are numerous security devices work for this solution. There following devices we will discuss in this part of our project. These devices are lock and key system RFID security system, color coding system, simple password system, ring lock system and many other devices. By the way of the fast on the enhance of the machinery the security device has expand from only uncontaminated emotionless kind interested in electrical and electronic style. By the combination of electrical and electronic devices we will build a lock with fingerprint. Generally, in common language we say that these are the electronic security devices also we can say that smart security devices.

There are many security devices available in the market. like button progression, RFID, protection indication etc. But all these have advantages and disadvantages. some security devices are cheap and some are expansive. So due to this reason people change these devices according to their requirement. Also we will build a fingerprint based security system. By telling the fault in past security devices. These devices are given below with briefly explanation. we discuss their advantages and their disadvantages. Also we will represent their work and their diagrams.

 Finger Print systems have ultimately helped as healthy safety apparatuses in numerous domains. Biometric are the hoariest and most broadly used formula of biometric ID. The use of fingerprint for documentation has been working in law implementation for about a period. A much wider submission of Biometric is for personal verification, for example to contact a computer, an ATM machine, a network, a home or a car.  Door lock using fingerprint gratitude system is a procedure of confirming the fingerprint image to open the Door lock. This scheme high points the growth of thumbprint Approval is completed by matching the facts of official fingerprint copy with inward fingerprint image. Then the data of received fingerprint copy will experience the contrast procedure to match with legal fingerprint copy.

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2. Verification methods

Password Type Security system

Between all validation types security devices, a large amount fashionable category is by means of the mathematical code as admittance implement . This process requires the consumer to go through the accurate progression of code by the use of button sort disengage the management. Various kinds of secret word based classification be revealed in diagram 2.1.

Figure 2.1   Password based system for security

Security system by Token

For the verification the token type security system also introduced. On this type of security system, we have a token for security. If the token of the person will match the door will be open. The token type system is like a ATM card today. We can say that the ATM card are also a token type system. This system has a many disadvantages like token will loss. Token become old etc.

Figure 2.2   Security system by Token

Figure 2.3     Machine for Token                              Figure 2.4 Types of  Token

Lock and Key Security System:

Initial march towards protection was security device and type coordination protection procedure followed in this coordination was “Single key for a single lock”. At the initiate, this coordination was measured to make available almost protection. Although this principle was presently proved incorrect by the information that numerous keys can be without problem prepared for a particular lock. For this explanation this arrangement is an old-fashioned system to provide protection.

Figure 2.5    Lock and Key System  

Security System by RFID Card

Subsequently plane of scientifically development for provided that protection was substantiation by RFID Card. This coordination enriched the intensity of safety. Admittance is approved just for the customer whose RFID code resemble with the sanctioned code. This system also has inconvenience of photocopying of RFID card and any person who obtain this card can release the door.

Figure 2.5    RFID card Lock & Security System 

Facial Recognition Door Lock

The Facial Recognition Door Lock system is proficient of analysing tens thousands of features of an operator’s face, and can detect a separable in less than a second, giving to the Korea Herald. It also structures an infrared camera, tolerating it to detecting workers in the dark. Such proficiencies are progressive even for a manufacturing facial recognition system, but Uface key is directed at everyday consumers, generous supplementary features such as permitting mobiles to be used as keys, and letting consumers set up text and voice messages designate triggered when selected users reach at home.

Figure 2.5    Facial Recognition Door Lock 

A voice recognition system is designed to identify an administrator voice. By using MATLAB software for coding the voice recognition, the administrator voice can be authenticated. The key is to convert the speech waveform to a type of parametric representation for further analysis and processing.

Voice Recognition Door Lock

A voice recognition system is designed to identify an administrator voice. By using MATLAB software for coding the voice recognition, the administrator voice can be authenticated. The key is to convert the speech waveform to a type of parametric representation for further analysis and processing. A wide range of possibilities exist for parametrically representing a voice recognition system is designed to identify an administrator voice. By using MATLAB software for coding the voice.

recognition, the administrator voice can be authenticated. The key is to convert the speech waveform to a type of parametric representation for further analysis and processing. A wide range of possibilities exist for parametrically representing.

A voice recognition system is designed to identify an administrator voice. By using MATLAB software for coding the voice recognition, the administrator voice can be authenticated. The key is to convert the speech waveform to a type of parametric representation for further analysis and processing. A wide range of possibilities exist for parametrically representing signal  is  recorded and  computer  will compare  the signal  with the  signal that  is stored  in the  database by  using MFCC method.

Voice Recognition technology for verification user is additional fitting and precise is because the biometrics specific if a specific are unique and goes to the personal until the user late. It is appropriate for the user because nothing to be carried or recollected and would not alarm the ID card being pinched or password being flunky. A biometric system is the most which use the user topographies constraint as the password. The parameters of everybody are unique, even for the twins. Therefore, the voice recognition system is harmless for the security system.

                Figure 2.5   Voice Recognition Door Lock 

Iris Recognition Door Lock

Iris recognition system offer Single or Dual eye detention and instinctive identification again huge databases in few seconds. Iris recognition system is reflected more protected equated to fingerprint and additional biometric skills. Several people have unsuitable fingerprints that are not appropriate for fingerprint gratitude systems. Iris is second best alternate to fingerprint. Children fingerprints are problematic to scan and can go concluded changes eventually, making it not an appropriate biometric sympathy. Iris is right for all ages. Eyes are highly secured part of the body and does not go thru much fluctuations over the complete lifecycle and virtuous for long terms biometric appreciation,

 Figure 2.5   Iris Recognition Door Lock   

Chapter 3

1. Methodology

 The equipment used in this Projects are separated in to two Parts hardware and software. A hardware objects refers to physical materials used in this project like computer, Fingerprint scanner, Bread board, Arduino Uno, Male Female wire, Servo motor, Led, Door locker. Software are those apparatuses we can’t touch them but is the second main part of our project such as Arduino Uno software, Proteus and Circuit Wizard etc. They are essential objects also they use in many applications. The hardware apparatus we discuss in below with detail and their Function.

In our project we are using the following components

Arduino

Thumb Impression

Servomotor

Lock

2. Hardware

First of all, the hardware of the defense system is resolute. The scheme projected have of five main part: The computer, Fingerprint scanner, Bread board, Arduino Uno, Male Female wire, Servo motor, Led, Door locker. Using computer, we have to interface the Arduino Uno and code by installing the IDE software on the Computer. The Finger Print module is an optical sensor. Fingerprint sensor is an integrated processing Sensor with integrated light track and Sensor processing. Similarly, there are motors we can use for door opening but in our system we are using Servo motors.

Figure 3.1 Outline the project

1.     Microcontroller Parts

The microcontroller is the main part of our project. There are many types of microcontroller. We can use these types according to their advantages and disadvantages. There are many advantages of microcontroller like microcontroller have its own RAM, and ROM, they have many I/O pins this make them ideal we can do many types of work by using microcontroller. Microprocessor and microcontroller have a same function. But they have many differences. Microprocessor don’t have its own RAM and ROM, I/O ports and Timer. We must add these devices externally by using some components. But micro-controller has an all these thing built on its. We do not add these by externally. The difference between them given below. We will explain our above wording by using diagram.

There are the following families of microcontroller. These are different according to their performance.

8051 microcontroller

PIC

Arduino

AVR

The microcontroller we will use our project are Arduino Uno R3 which is the types of Arduino. We use the Arduino because it is easy to work on them. They have built in library. We do not add crystal oscillator extra; they have crystal 16MHz. Also Arduino has a built in library we easy do programming Arduino. But the microcontroller 8051 have difficult program they give error it will be difficult to solve error on 8051 controllers.

Figurer 3.2     Microcontroller

2.     TYPES OF ARDUINO

These are following types of Arduino board.

TYPES OF ARDUINO:

These are the following types of Arduino:

 Arduino Uno:

The Uno Arduino is the most basic used board and is considered as the standard Arduino. Uno works on the basic principle of electronics and programming’s which is necessary for the users to begin.

It is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328.

Following are the features of ARDUINO UNO features.

This Arduino board have some analog and some digital pins. By which we can give some input or output. The Arduino have crystal 16MHz. UNO’ formed in Italian. Also it is very simple type of Arduino and user friendly. This Arduino make public of Arduino. It comprises total necessary to keep up microcontroller; modestly connect it to a computer with a USB cable or power supply to it with an AC-to-DC adapter or batter. AVR is a type of microcontroller which is made from Atmel. which works with 5V and with the Arduino and it operates with 3.3V.

ARDUINO MICROCONTROLLER: (parts and features)

Micro controller      ATmega328

Voltage                   5V

SRAM                     2 KB

I/O Pins                  6

Input Voltage           5-12 V

PWM Output           6       

Weight                   25 g

                                                                                           Figure 3.3     Arduino Uno R3

Figure 3.4     Arduino Uno R3

The Arduino Due

The Arduino Due is the second version of the standard Arduino and offers efficient features for forward-thinking users. The processor of the Dues is quicker, has more space, and more I/O ports. It doesn’t support many shields. Because of the quicker CPU, it works on the minimum 3.3v and have excess voltage as 5v.  By which we can give some input or output. The Arduino have crystal 16MHz. UNO’ formed in Italian. Also it is very simple type of Arduino and user friendly. The Arduino Due is controller  founded on the ATmega2560. The Arduino Due has 54 digital i/o pins, 16 inputs are analog, 4 hardware  ports, a 16 MHz crystal, an USB association, a power knave, a reset button and an ICSP caption

Figure 3.5     Arduino Due

The Arduino Mega

The Arduino Mega comes in two types, they are as follows:

The Mega 2560 

The MEGA ADK.

The ADK is same to the 2560; however, it has a programmable USB host chip installed in it. It requires the same 5V power supply as the Uno. The Arduino Mega 2560 is controller  founded on the ATmega2560. The Mega 2560 

 has 54 digital i/o pins, 16 inputs are analog, 4 hardware  ports, a 16 MHz crystal, an USB association, a power knave, a reset button and an ICSP caption. It covers everything desirable to funding the controller; just connect it with computer through an USB  or power by AC-to-DC connecter or cell to  started. The Mega 2560 boards are friendly with furthermost protections intended for the Uno and the previous boards.

Figure 3.5     Arduino Mega

 The Arduino Nano

The Arduino Nano is same as the Arduino Uno. The only difference is in their size. Arduino Uno has a greater size than Arduino Nano. The Arduino Nanos is a small board, whole, and board-friendly board founded on the ATmega328P; deals the equal connectivity and spectacles of the UNO boarding in a lesser form feature.

Figure 3.6     Arduino Nano

3.     Servomotor

A servomotor is a motor that we can use motor for our requirement .We can give according angle over requirement. The servo motor has many advantages it can rotate at any angle. We can move the motor according to our requirement.  r

Servo motor is very light in weight butt have a power output. For the motor we use in this project have weight 9g and they can lift 2.5kg weight. Small and low weight servo can lift heavy weight. The servo motor has an angle 180. But we can change the angle by using code. We can use any servo code to change its angle and direction. Also by using code we also change the time delay of servo motor. Like we can give delay according to over requirements.

Specifications

Servo motor have an own weight 

9g. But it can lift 2.5kg weight.

The weight the servo motor can lift

Depend on the voltage given to it.

Its temperature Range is:

0 C -55C.

4.     Finger Print Module (AS608)

Fingerprint sensor is an integrated processing Sensor with integrated light track and Sensor processing. Fingerprint has the many advantages with small size, fingerprint sensor is a very low power consumer and modest interface, high dependability, fast appreciation, good wet and dry finger flexibility, fingerprint pursuit high speed. Sheltered your project using fingerprint – this all-in-one visual fingerprint module will make addition fingerprint finding and identification great simple. These modules are generally used in benign – there’s a high powered Digital Signal Processing chip that does the image performance, deviousness, feature-finding and powerful. Associate to any microcontroller or classification with TTL serial, and send containers of data to take photos, distinguish prints, muddle and examination. You can also register new fingers unswervingly – up to 162 finger prints can be stored in the committed FLASHY memory. We like this exacting sensor because not only is it easy to use, it also comes with justly straight-forward Windows software that makes testing the module simple – you can even enroll using the software and see an image of the fingerprint on your computer screen

.

Specifications:

voltage:                  3.6 – 6.0VDC

current:                  120mA

Peak current:         150mA max

Finger image:         <60mA.

 Figure 3.7   Finger Print Module

Chapter 4

1.     Design and Implementation

The equipment used in this Projects are separated in to two Parts hardware and software. A hardware objects refers to physical materials used in this project like computer, Fingerprint scanner, Bread board, Arduino Uno, Male Female wire, Servo motor, Led, Door locker. Software are those apparatuses we can’t touch them but are the second main part of our project such Arduino Uno software, Proteus, Circuit Wizard etc. They are essential objects also they use in many applications. The hardware apparatus we discuss in below with detail and their Function.

In our project we are using the following components

Arduino

Thumb Impression

Servomotor

Lock

2.     Interface with Finger Print Sensor

The first step of the project is that we add or enroll our finger print. It is very easy method but we can use any type of controller ,8051, PIC, or Arduino, etc. For this we can also use any type of Finger print sensor .But in this project we are using controller of Arduino Uno R3.This is simple kind of Arduino .We can easy interface any Hardware like ,LED,
Motor, LCD etc. For the enrolling Finger we simple use code of enroll by Finger Sensor Libraries. We import the library by from our files in Arduino Uno. We validate code the   and we upload the curriculum in Arduino. Presently some time ago we restart we should be able to select.

We use the following step given in flowchart:

Figure 4.1 Flow chart of enrolling process

Upload it to your Arduino at the same time as usual. Release up the serial examine at 9600 bauds and when pressed place your finger in opposition to the sensor that was before now enrolled.

Figure 4.2   Connection of Fingerprint sensor with Arduino for enrolling process

Figure 4.3

After enrolling our finger print the next step is to check our finger print. So for this purpose we add library from files then we verify the program then we upload the program in the Arduino 1.0.6 Software. We put same finger which we palace at enrolling time. This program tells us that your finger is saved now. For this purpose, we place their com will appear which us according to programming.

Figure 4.4     Flow chart of Fingerprint checking

3.     Servomotor

A servomotor is a motor that we can use motor for our requirement .We can give according angle over requirement. The servo motor has many advantages it can rotate at any angle. We can move the motor according to our requirement. 

Servo motor is very light in weight butt have a power output. For the motor we use in this project have weight 9g and they can lift 2.5kg weight. Small and low weight servo can lift heavy weight. The servo motor has an angle 180. But we can change the angle by using code. We can use any servo code to change its angle and direction. Also by using code we also change the time delay of servo motor. Like we can give delay according to over requirement.

SPECIFICATIONS

Servo motor have an own weight 

9g. But it can lift 2.5kg weight.

The weight the servo motor can lift

Depend on the voltage given to it.

Its temperature Range is:

0 C -55C.

Figure 4.6   Servo motor

4.     Interface with Servo motor

The second part of over project is to interface with Arduino. For this purpose, we will add library from our files. And then we verify our code and upload to Arduino Uno R3 by using Arduino cable. By this way we can interface servo motor with Arduino Uno R3.

Figure 4.7   Interfacing with Servo motor

5.     Interface with finger module and lock

Now we interface the lock and Fingerprint Module at a same time. So this is the most important part of over project. We change code of finger print for our requirement. We want to do that when finger print match the door will be open. On the other side the we when finger does not match the buzzer will be high. So we adjust the circuit diagram according to programming,

Figure 4.8 Interfacing with Servo motor

6.     Software

For software accomplishment the Arduino 1.0.6 is used to generate, Run and walking boot the code. There are three major part in the software achievement which are the enrollment of Finger, the menu option algorithm and the programming code.

Algorithm for Enroll of Finger print

The first step of the project is that we add or enroll our finger print. It is very easy method but we can use any type of controller ,8051, PIC, or Arduino, etc. For this we can also use any    type of Finger print sensor. But in this project we are using controller of Arduino Uno R3.  This is simple kind of Arduino.

We can easy interface any Hardware like, LED, Motor, LCD, etc. For the enrolling Finger we simple use code of enroll by Finger Sensor Libraries. We import the library by from our files in Arduino Uno.  Than we validate code the   and we upload the curriculum in Arduino. Presently some time ago we restart we should be able to select.

Figure 4.9 Algorithm for Enroll of Finger print

Algorithm of Finger print

Figure 4.10 Algorithm for Finger print

This is an example sketch for our optical Fingerprint sensor. This algorithm used with led, it has a same process without LCD. LCD tells us that what we do in next step.

7. Presentation of the findings

Our objective was to unlock the Door by using Finger print sensor. After doing a lot struggles and works we reach our objective. By using both main parts of our project e.g. Hardware and Software we got our result.

Hardware results

The hardware we are using are bread board, male and female wire, Finger print sensor, Lock, Arduino board i.e.  Uno R3, and also for driving lock we use servo motor. All these parts are doing work according to our requirement. Our mission was to unlock the door by using finger print sensor the hardware parts are doing work properly. Our finger print is saved   in finger print sensor. So when we add the finger which is save in finger print sensor, the servo motor do work on lock. the move them toward back for some the will be open and the man can easily go toward room. For using finger, we also use the Led, which are on lock. By the led we can learn what is our next step.

==

 Figure 5.1 Hardware Result

Software results

The software we are using are Arduino 1.0.6 and Proteus. These are the main part of our software. Arduino 1.0.6 have built in library and Proteus is use for simulation with Arduino and components which we are using in this project. In Arduino 1.0.6 we paste code and verify then create hex file to simulate with Arduino. This work is software to software. Our result was better in software every things was doing work according to our requirement

8. Recommendations

Device Sensitivity:

it is very small problem regarding sensitivity of a fingerprint module, in sensitivity has caused a problem regarding delay in detection fingerprints of a person thus there should be a new device formed, whose sensitivity is high. So once the sensitivity of a device is solved, the fingerprint module will work efficiently.

Physical condition:

It can be make mistake with the finger skin depending about the physical condition whether it is dry or wet. It may be not appropriate with the children finger as their size of finger changes quickly. So by updating the software coding as well as the device, we can eliminate this physical skin changing or in case of finger injury.

Criminal identification:

For some people, it’s very disturbing, because it was long ago related to criminal identification and some people still think that this device is still for the criminal identifications. So we should aware all the people about its useful and positive aspect.

Memory:

Image captured at 500 dpi (dot per inch). resolutions are about 8 bit per pixel. 500 dpi fingerprint image at almost 8 bit per pixel which needs large space. So we should update the software so that maximum number of fingerprint can b enroll in the device.

Chapter 5

1. Conclusion

When the code matches with the thumb/finger, it will allow the person to pass, if the code does not match, then it will not allow the person to pass, as according to the coding, it will not allow to open the door. In addition, this development also aims to decrease the option of the code being stolen by the observer. An official person has their fingerprint physical characters and aspects and turned into an arithmetical logarithm which is to be then entered in to the database, as this all process is being done in the coding of fingerprint module.

The 1st purpose is totally pleased as this lock allow the passing of only authorized person whose verification is being matched with the coding which was done on Arduino and simultaneously not allowing to pass the parson whose thumb expressions are not being matched with the Arduino coding.

The 2nd purpose is that the when a fake people try to unlock could not open the door and the buzzer will horn.

There are some of the most important goals and conclusions of biometric verifications i.e. describing in points.

These are the aspects which we have concluded. The following conclusions are as under:

 Biometric finger print lock has gained a remarkable advantage as compared to usual key door locks, keyless password type locks. Thus, finger print door exceeds best security protection as it is easiest and time saving process.

Fingerprint door lock technology is the latest and the best proven technology.

Fingerprint reader verification is the most appropriate and the mature tested type of biometric verifications. Fingerprint verification is considered as the most realistic for its cost effectiveness and consistency.

Recent studies on Biometrics verification have shown us that as compare to the hand method i.e. password method or keys method, fingerprint is more accurate and efficient as well as cost effective.

Duplication of fingerprint technology is impossible. Biometric verifications provide a guarantee to the user identification with something that cannot be fake, stolen, replaceable, lost or replicated.

Fingerprint biometric locks are of great outlay for any home. As it increases its level of security while it adds salient feature that make it easier for us to get in home. These door verification technology is easily to make and maintain as we have not to worry about any extra burden of work. Fingerprint ID improves the security of an automobile and makes it potential only for some particular people to usage the flatcar. Thus by applying this relatively inexpensive and simply obtainable system on a flatcar, one can safeguard much better security and snootiness than that obtainable by a conservative lock plus key. It can be presumed that the usage of biometric safety systems proposals a much better and foolproof means of restricting the use of vehicles by unauthorized users.

The advanced prototype assists as an impact us to drive future research, geared towards developing a more tough and surrounded real-time finger print founded reflex door lock systems in vehicles. The archetype structure can be separated into the following components: fingerprint study software module (using digital image appreciation algorithms) that receives fingerprints images; hardware interface section (operating a controller and a line control circuit) and the locking component. In real application, the fingerprint records will be verified using a fingerprint Sensor. The fingerprint Appreciation software allows fingerprints of legal consumers of the automobile to be registered in a folder in the form of kept examples in jpg, tiff, bmp, jpeg, tiff, gif type image accounts. So previously any user can unlock or explode the automobile, his fingerprint image is complemented beside the fingerprints in this record while operators with no contest in the databank are repudiated access to the structure. Biometric process requires the bodily presence of the somebody to be recognized. Thus, biometric gratitude systems deal greater safety and expediency than old-style methods of personal appreciation.

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