OPIOID Crisis: Public Health Emergency in The US

Consistently, in excess of 115 people in the United States die after overdosing on opioids. The misuse of, and addiction to opioids including remedy pain relievers, heroin, and synthetic opioids such as fentanyl is a genuine national emergency that influences public health as well as social and economic welfare. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention assesses that the aggregate “economic burden” of solution opioid misuse alone in the United States is $78.5 billion a year, including the costs of healthcare, lost productivity, addiction treatment, and criminal justice involvement. In 2015, more than 33,000 Americans died as a result of an opioid overdose, including prescription opioids, heroin, and illicitly manufactured fentanyl, a powerful synthetic opioid. That same year, an estimated 2 million people in the United States suffered from substance use disorders related to prescription opioid pain relievers.

Helpful Information for Opioid Crisis Responders: The Effects of Life Crisis on Psychological Adjustment

Opioid crisis is an underlying driver of Life crisis inside the nation. Life crisis is indeed an important factor in the reports of psychological inconveniences. It seems to have direct effects that are free of either social conditions or ratings of life quality. High life crisis likewise improves the effects of income, education, religious participation, and marital status on psychological adjustment issues. A good quality of life, especially in ratings of family and individual life, is likewise firmly associated with fewer reports of psychological adjustment issues, recommending that expressions of satisfaction and happiness are great indicators of the psychological resourcefulness of people. Therefore one must have to be aware of sensitivity affiliated with it and its correlation with substance use disorders.

The opioid epidemic is one that remains a problem that needs to be addressed that won’t resolve easily. Various factors, including the inappropriate prescription of opioids, lack of understanding of the potential unfriendly effects of long-term therapy, opioid misuse, abuse, and dependence, have contributed to the current crisis. Focusing on this issue will require collaborative efforts from various organizations, from health care providers, legislators, physicians, educators, pharmaceutical companies, and the public.

In response to the opioid crisis, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is focusing its efforts on five major priorities:

  1. improving access to treatment and recovery services
  2. promoting use of overdose-reversing drugs
  3. strengthening our understanding of the epidemic through better public health surveillance
  4. providing support for cutting-edge research on pain and addiction
  5. advancing better practices for pain management

The National Institutes of Health (NIH), a component of HHS, is the nation’s leading medical research agency helping solve the opioid crisis via discovering new and better ways to prevent opioid misuse, treat opioid use disorders, and manage pain.

American Culture and Strategic Approach to Cope With Opioid Crisis

Healthcare in the USA faces a twofold test, the crisis of chronic pain and the crisis of opioid misuse and overdose. Patients have been recommended opioids at high doses with unclear signs for significant lots of time, putting them at high risk for morbidity and mortality. A significant proportion of these patients have comorbid psychiatric or substance use disorders complicating their pain conditions. The difficulties in treating these patients satisfactorily are discussed and addressed by the US government as the top priority, alongside the provision of potential solutions to these issues at the level of the individual provider, healthcare systems, and society.

It is clear that incorporating the rights and the self-worth agendas with an “in vivo focused contact model”, would be most effective for an integrative strategy aimed at targeting opioid stigma. Involving people in recovery as key drivers of this agenda and evaluating the detrimental impact of using stigma as a health tool (social sanction), can bring new horizons to solving this deadly epidemic.

Relieving the effect of opioid addiction and preventing opioid overdose deaths ought to be a concentration for pharmacists. This is genuine most clearly in a community pharmacy setting, where the honing pharmacist can be cautious for indications of misuse by patients, improper endorsing by physicians, or perils from various prescriptions (e.g., opioids and benzodiazepines) that may originate from various prescribers, and they can likewise be an imperative asset for data for patients about the safe use of medications. Community pharmacies’ part in the opioid crisis management is expanding, just like their potential for administering addiction treatment medications not just opioids and benzodiazepines. The severity and complexity of the opioid crisis demand such participation by all components of the health care system.

Communities can benefit from the development and expansion of a continuum of nonhospital youth psychiatric crisis care services to better meet their needs. As reviewed in this article, there are multiple types of crisis services, ranging from phone triage lines, to mobile crisis units, to brief stabilization and observation units for youths. By using a continuum of crisis services, communities can help divert youths away from EDs, provide the most appropriate level of evaluation and assessment, and refer and coordinate to longer-term outpatient services. For communities hoping to expand community crisis services, collaborating with key local stakeholders, identifying funding sources, evaluating/leveraging existing services, and expanding staffing and training are important foundational tenants. Hospitals and communities can establish clear policies and practices to ensure early identification of youths who are appropriate for diversion from the ED and toward community-based alternatives, whenever these services can be provided as a safe and effective alternative. The community can also improve education around appropriate use of the ED, how to access community-based alternatives, and also to help communities formalize linkages between hospitals and community-based resources.

NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene: Opioid Addiction Treatment with Buprenorphine and Methadone

More New Yorkers die of drug overdoses than homicides, suicides and car crashes combined. Over 80% of drug overdoses in the city involve opioids, which include heroin and prescription painkillers, such as:

  1. Heroin
  2. Morphine
  3. Oxycodone
  4. Hydrocodone
  5. Fentanyl

Recently fentanyl, a drug that is 50 times more powerful than heroin, has been showing up in heroin, cocaine, pills marked as Xanax® and other drugs. Fentanyl was involved in nearly half of the overdose deaths in NYC in 2016.

Not everyone who takes opioids (or other drugs) will develop an addiction, but for those who do, help is available in NYC. Getting help for an addiction does not mean having to leave home, a job or school. NYC health department is working on health emergency agenda declared by federal department of America, related to the opioid crisis to overcome it.

New York Center for Living: Addiction and Mental Health Care
for Adolescents, Young Adults and Families

New York Center for Living serves the unique developmental, social and psychological needs of adolescents and young adults who have substance use or mental health disorders. Addiction rates are growing exponentially; from opioid addiction to alcohol dependence and substances no child should be consuming, an entire generation needs guidance to navigate the complicated realities of modern life. They are offering services rather you’ve just started researching addiction, are looking for treatment for someone you love or are in need of a referral, they can help and help works.

New York Center for Living use evidence-based therapies designed around abstinence and the 12-step method, incorporated into holistic and compassionate treatment plans for our clients. Their treatment plans are fully individualized, based on your needs and history. Whether you’re seeking outpatient treatment, residential services or a medically supported detox, they are offering you the care you need. Agency encourages family members to participate in treatment whenever possible, and offers parent-focused educational series and workshops.


CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Mortality. CDC Wonder, Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2017. 

Zautra, A., & Beier, E. (1978). The effects of life crisis on psychological adjustment. American Journal of Community Psychology6(2), 125-135.

Vadivelu, N., Kai, A. M., Kodumudi, V., Sramcik, J., & Kaye, A. D. (2018). The opioid crisis: a comprehensive overview. Current pain and headache reports22(3), 16.

Johnson, K., Jones, C., Compton, W., Baldwin, G., Fan, J., Mermin, J., & Bennett, J. (2018). Federal Response to the Opioid Crisis. Current HIV/AIDS Reports15(4), 293-301.

Krashin, D., Murinova, N., & Sullivan, M. (2016). Challenges to treatment of chronic pain and addiction during the “opioid crisis”. Current pain and headache reports20(12), 65.

Corrigan, P. W., & Nieweglowski, K. (2018). Stigma and the public health agenda for the opioid crisis in America. International Journal of Drug Policy59, 44-49.

Compton, W. M., Jones, C. M., Stein, J. B., & Wargo, E. M. (2017). Promising roles for pharmacists in addressing the US opioid crisis. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

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